The installers pynsist builds do a number of things:
- Unpack and run the Python .msi installer for the version of Python you specified.
- Unpack and run the .msi installer for the py launcher, if you’re using Python 2 (in Python 3, this is installed as part of Python).
- Install a number of files in the installation directory the user selects:
- The launcher script(s) that start your application
- The icon(s) for your application launchers
- Python packages your application needs
- Any other files you specified
- Create a start menu shortcut for each launcher script. If there is only one launcher, it will go in the top level of the start menu. If there’s more than one, the installer will make a folder named after the application.
- Write an uninstaller, and the registry keys to put it in ‘Add/remove programs’. The uninstaller only uninstalls your application (undoing steps 3-5); it leaves Python alone, because there might be other applications using Python.
The installer (and uninstaller) is produced using NSIS, with the Modern UI.
If there is an uncaught exception in your application - for instance if it fails
to start because a package is missing - the traceback will be written to
%APPDATA%\scriptname.log. On Windows 7,
APPDATA defaults to
C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming. If users report crashes, details
of the problem will probably be found there.
You can override this by setting
This is only provided if you specify your application using
You can also debug an installed application by using the installed Python to launch the application. This will show tracebacks in the Command Prompt. In the installation directory run:
C:\\Program Files\\Application>Python\\python.exe "Application.launch.pyw"
If users start your application from the start menu shortcuts, the working
directory will be set to their home directory (
they double-click on the scripts in the installation directory, the working
directory will be the installation directory. Your application shouldn’t
rely on having a particular working directory; if it does, use
to set it first.